Szalma, Ivett and Bitó, Tamás. "Attitudes toward COVID-19 vaccination of pregnant and lactating women in Hungary" (2023)

Angol nyelvű absztrakt:

Objectives: This study has three purposes. First, we explore the percentage of the population that is vaccinated and the factors that contribute to whether or not an individual takes up COVID-19 vaccination. Second, we also look at how pregnant and lactating women (PLW) take up vaccination. Third, we reveal what the public think about PLW receiving vaccines. Methods: Questionnaire data collection was carried out online using the quota method among Hungarians aged 18–65 with Internet access. The survey was carried out between 29th November and 11th December 2021. A total of 1,000 participants completed the questionnaire. Results: A total of 66.4% of the respondents aged 18–65 received vaccination. There were significant differences across sociodemographic variables in vaccination: men and individuals with more education, better perceived financial status, and personal experience with COVID-19 were more likely to be vaccinated. PLW were less likely to be vaccinated, partly due to their fear of vaccines’ side-effects. More than one third of the participants do not agree with PLW having COVID-19 vaccination. In general, attitudes toward vaccination of PLW differed significantly by social group. Men and individuals with tertiary education and better financial situation, who knew somebody who had died of COVID-19 infection, and who had been vaccinated were more likely to accept vaccination for both pregnant women and lactating mothers. Conclusions: Acceptance of receiving COVID-19 vaccination depends on social status; thus, targeted campaigns are required. In addition, PLW are afraid of vaccines’ side effects, so they should be provided information, just as there is a need to increase public information on this topic