Márton Gerő - Andrea Szabó (2024). Political integration mechanisms in Hungary (2010–2022)

Márton Gerő - Andrea Szabó (2024). Political integration mechanisms in Hungary (2010–2022).  Intersections. East European Journal of Society and Politics. 9,4.  https://doi.org/10.17356/ieejsp.v9i4.1158



Since 2010, Fidesz has won four electoral victories in Hungary with a constitutional majority. In this paper, we argue that the main reason behind this overwhelming electoral success is the specific pattern of political integration that has evolved in recent years. The Hungarian case, as a consequence, may also act as a basis for a theoretical step forward in understanding the role of political integration in de-democratization processes. To understand the role of political integration, we explain how the Habermas-based political integration framework relates to the types of political culture, and then, with the help of representative data collection from 2018 and 2021, we define the integration groups and, using these, examine the party preferences and participation patterns that have developed in today’s Hungary. The Orbán regime successfully generates diffuse mass support: this is embedded in multiple social groups, although none of the integration groups can be considered the sole or primary supporters of the system.