Ákos Huszár, Ágnes Győri, Karolina Balogh (2022) Resistance to Change: Intergenerational Class Mobility in Hungary, 1973–2018

Ákos Huszár, Ágnes Győri, Karolina Balogh (2022): Resistance to Change: Intergenerational Class Mobility in Hungary, 1973–2018. Sociological Research Onlinehttps://doi.org/10.1177/13607804221084727 (Q1, IF: 2.41) 


The aim of this study is to describe long-term changes in intergenerational social mobility in Hungary between 1973 and 2018 and to provide an overview of the current situation that has not been examined previously. Our main questions are whether trends of the earlier periods continued and whether previous gender differences persisted at the end of the 2010s. According to our results total mobility continued to decline and it hit its lowest point in decades at the end of the 2010s. In addition, decreasing proportion of the population move upwards compared with their fathers and an increasing proportion experience the deterioration of their social position. While earlier research found that structural changes in society triggered upward mobility the polarising class structure after 1990 set into motion contrary trends. In this period, structural mobility increasingly typically meant downward mobility. As regards relative mobility chances associated with working in high and low occupational positions, we concluded that the ceiling seems to be stickier than the floor as a rule, that is, the role of origin is more decisive in keeping a favourable social position than in the transmission of a disadvantaged position across generations. The odds for someone born into unfavourable circumstances to rise are greater than for those of someone who was brought up in privileged circumstances to slide down.